Karl-Fischer titrant solution

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0001107)

synonyms: Karl Fischer titrant solution, Karl Fischer titration solution, Karl-Fischer titration solution

A Karl-Fischer titration solution is a titrant solution used in a Karl-Fischer titration. [Allotrope]

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X-ray radiation

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0001054)

synonyms: X-ray

A form of electromagnetic radiation with a wavelength ranging from 0.01 to 10 nanometers. [Wikipedia]

sources:
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/X-ray

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defined in:

actinium atom

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000989)

The chemical element with atomic number 89. [Allotrope]

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actinium atom

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000989)

The chemical element with atomic number 89. [OSTHUS]

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defined in:

active pharmaceutical ingredient deprecated

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000448)

synonyms: API

An active pharmaceutical ingredient is any substance, compound or subset of substances or compounds in a pharmaceutical drug product which are biologically active when interacting with other components of the drug product, other potential drug products, or the chemistry of the body into which the drug will be applied. [Allotrope]

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active pharmaceutical ingredient

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000448)

synonyms: API

An active pharmaceutical ingredient is any substance, compound or subset of substances or compounds in a pharmaceutical drug product which are biologically active when interacting with other components of the drug product, other potential drug products, or the chemistry of the body into which the drug will be applied. [Allotrope]

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additive deprecated

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000059)

An additive is a material that is added to a mixture. [Allotrope]

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additive

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000059)

An additive is a material that is added to a mixture. [Allotrope]

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defined in:

adduct ion

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000282)

synonyms: adduct

Ion formed by the interaction of a precursor ion with one or more atoms or molecules to form an ion containing all the constituent atoms of the precursor ion as well as the additional atoms from the associated atoms or molecules. [IUPAC MS REC]

sources:
  • K. K. Murray, R. K. Boyd, M. N. Eberlin, G. J. Langley, L. Li and Y. Naito, Pure Appl. Chem., 2013, 85, 1515-1609

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adduct ion

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000282)

synonyms: adduct

Ion formed by the interaction of a precursor ion with one or more atoms or molecules to form an ion containing all the constituent atoms of the precursor ion as well as the additional atoms from the associated atoms or molecules. [IUPAC]

sources:
  • K. K. Murray, R. K. Boyd, M. N. Eberlin, G. J. Langley, L. Li and Y. Naito, Pure Appl. Chem., 2013, 85, 1515-1609

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defined in:

air

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000268)

The common name air is given to the atmospheric gases used in breathing and photosynthesis. [Wikipedia]

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defined in:

aluminum atom

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000988)

The chemical element with atomic number 13. [Allotrope]

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defined in:

aluminum atom

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000988)

The chemical element with atomic number 13. [OSTHUS]

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defined in:

ammonia gas

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0001117)

synonyms: ammonia

Ammonia gas is a gas that is composed of ammonia molecules. [Allotrope]

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defined in:

amorphous solid

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0001091)

A solid that lacks the long-range order that is characteristic of a crystal. [Allotrope]

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ampholyte

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000921)

synonyms: zwitterionic compound, amphoteric compound

Definition pending. [0]

sources:
  • PAC, 1994, 66, 1077 (Glossary of terms used in physical organic chemistry (IUPAC Recommendations 1994)) on page 1176
  • PAC, 1995, 67, 1307 (Glossary of class names of organic compounds and reactivity intermediates based on structure (IUPAC Recommendations 1995)) on page 1375
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amphoterism

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ampholyte

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000921)

synonyms: zwitterionic compound, amphoteric compound

An amphoteric compound is a molecule or ion that can react both as an acid and as a base. [Wikipedia]

sources:
  • PAC, 1994, 66, 1077 (Glossary of terms used in physical organic chemistry (IUPAC Recommendations 1994)) on page 1176
  • PAC, 1995, 67, 1307 (Glossary of class names of organic compounds and reactivity intermediates based on structure (IUPAC Recommendations 1995)) on page 1375
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Amphoterism

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defined in:

analyte deprecated

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000229)

Definition pending. [0]

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defined in:

analyte

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000229)

Definition pending. [0]

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defined in:

anion

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000161)

synonyms: negative ion

An anion (-) is an ion with more electrons than protons, giving it a net negative charge (since electrons are negatively charged and protons are positively charged). [Wikipedia]

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anion coating

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000205)

An anion coating is a coating that contains anionic anchor groups. [Allotrope]

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anion coating

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000205)

An anion coating is a coating that contains anionic anchor groups. [OSTHUS]

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anion separation buffer

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000039)

A buffer solution that is used for separation of anions. [Allotrope]

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defined in:

anion separation buffer

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000039)

A buffer solution that is used for separation of anions. [OSTHUS]

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defined in:

anionized molecule

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000305)

synonyms: negative ion

Ion formed by the association of an anion with a molecule, M. [IUPAC MS REC]

sources:
  • L. Van Vaeck, H. Struyf, W. V. Roy, F. Adams. Mass Spectrom. Rev. 13, 209 (1994).

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defined in:

anionized molecule

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000305)

synonyms: negative ion

Ion formed by the association of an anion with a molecule, M. [IUPAC]

sources:
  • L. Van Vaeck, H. Struyf, W. V. Roy, F. Adams. Mass Spectrom. Rev. 13, 209 (1994).

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defined in:

anode buffer

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000360)

synonyms: IEF anode buffer, IEF anodic buffer, IEF cathode buffer, anodic buffer, isoelectric focusing anode buffer, isoelectric focusing anodic buffer

A buffer that serves as an anode in an electrochemical experiment. [Allotrope]

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antibody

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000452)

synonyms: Ab, Ig, immunoglobulin

An antibody is a large, Y-shape protein produced by plasma cells that is used by the immune system to identify and neutralize pathogens such as bacteria and viruses. The antibody recognizes a unique molecule of the harmful agent, called an antigen, via the variable region. [Wikipedia]

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antigen

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000470)

In immunology, an antigen (Ag) is any structural substance that serves as a target for the receptors of an adaptive immune response, TCR or BCR or its secreted form antibody. In simpler terms, an antigen is any substance that causes an immune system to produce antibodies against it. [Wikipedia]

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antimony atom

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0001000)

The chemical element with atomic number 51. [Allotrope]

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defined in:

antimony atom

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0001000)

The chemical element with atomic number 51. [OSTHUS]

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defined in:

apoptosis marker

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000471)

The apoptotsis marker that is used for marking dead cells. [Allotrope]

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defined in:

aqueous electrolyte solution

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000093)

An aqueous electrolyte solution is one that contains some amount of water. [Allotrope]

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defined in:

aqueous film coating

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000486)

An aqueous film coating is a thin coating that contains water. This type of coating is used to colorize tablets or to put on clear finishes or overcoatings. [Allotrope]

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defined in:

aqueous film coating

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000486)

An aqueous film coating is a thin coating that contains water. This type of coating is used to colorize tablets or to put on clear finishes or overcoatings. [OSTHUS]

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defined in:

argon atmosphere

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000315)

A laboratory atmosphere consisting of argon. [CHMO]

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defined in:

argon atom

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0001002)

The chemical element with atomic number 18. [Allotrope]

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defined in:

argon atom

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0001002)

The chemical element with atomic number 18. [OSTHUS]

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defined in:

arsenic atom

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000993)

The chemical element with atomic number 33. [Allotrope]

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defined in:

arsenic atom

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000993)

The chemical element with atomic number 33. [OSTHUS]

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defined in:

association colloid

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0001030)

An association colloid is a homogeneous, non-structured substance composed of large molecules or ultramicroscopic suspended in a separate medium, which is largely comprised or reversible aggregations formed by the thermodynamics of molecular interactions. [Allotrope]

sources:
  • Myers, D. (2002) Association Colloids: Micelles, Vesicles, and Membranes, in Surfaces, Interfaces, and Colloids: Principles and Applications, Second Edition, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York, USA. doi: 10.1002/0471234990.ch15

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associational colloid

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0001030)

An associational colloid is a homogenous, non-structured substance composed of large molecules or ultramicroscopic suspended in a separate medium, which is largely comprised or reversible aggregations formed by the thermodynamics of molecular interactions. [OSTHUS]

sources:
  • Myers, D. (2002) Association Colloids: Micelles, Vesicles, and Membranes, in Surfaces, Interfaces, and Colloids: Principles and Applications, Second Edition, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York, USA. doi: 10.1002/0471234990.ch15

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defined in:

associational colloid

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0001030)

An associational colloid is a homogenous, non-structured substance composed of large molecules or ultramicroscopic suspended in a separate medium, which is largely comprised or reversible aggregations formed by the thermodynamics of molecular interactions. [Allotrope]

sources:
  • Myers, D. (2002) Association Colloids: Micelles, Vesicles, and Membranes, in Surfaces, Interfaces, and Colloids: Principles and Applications, Second Edition, John Wiley & Sons, Inc., New York, USA. doi: 10.1002/0471234990.ch15

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defined in:

astatine atom

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000991)

The chemical element with atomic number 85. [Allotrope]

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defined in:

astatine atom

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000991)

The chemical element with atomic number 85. [OSTHUS]

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defined in:

atom

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0001028)

synonyms: element, chemical element

An atom is a smallest particle still characterizing a chemical element. It consists of a nucleus of a positive charge carrying almost all its mass (more than 99.9%) and Z electrons determining its size. [IUPAC]

sources:
  • IUPAC Red Book, p. 35

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defined in:

background electrolyte

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000083)

synonyms: BGE

The background electrolyte is the running material used in capillary electrophoresis. [Allotrope]

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defined in:

background electrolyte buffer

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000235)

A background electrolyte buffer is a buffer solution that contains a background electrolyte. [Allotrope]

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defined in:

barium atom

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000970)

The chemical element with atomic number 56. [Allotrope]

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defined in:

barium atom

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000970)

The chemical element with atomic number 56. [OSTHUS]

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defined in:

basal medium

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000310)

synonyms: basal media

A basal medium is a culture medium that provides basic nutrients for the growth of cells. [Allotrope]

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batch deprecated

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000347)

synonyms: lot

Batch means a specific quantity of a drug or other material that is intended to have uniform character and quality, within specified limits, and is produced according to a single manufacturing order during the same cycle of manufacture. [CFR21]

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defined in:

batch

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000347)

synonyms: lot

Batch means a specific quantity of a drug or other material that is intended to have uniform character and quality, within specified limits, and is produced according to a single manufacturing order during the same cycle of manufacture. [CFR21]

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defined in:

beryllium atom

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000932)

The chemical element with atomic number 4. [Allotrope]

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defined in:

beryllium atom

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000932)

The chemical element with atomic number 4. [OSTHUS]

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defined in:

bi-layer tablet

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000466)

A bi-layer tablet consists of two layers of compressed powders. [Allotrope]

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defined in:

bismuth atom

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000931)

The chemical element with atomic number 83. [Allotrope]

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defined in:

bismuth atom

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000931)

The chemical element with atomic number 83. [OSTHUS]

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defined in:

blank sample deprecated

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0001052)

synonyms: blank, blank sample

An blank sample is a sample that does not contain analyte. [Allotrope]

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defined in:

blank sample

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0001052)

synonyms: blank, blank sample

An blank sample is a sample that does not contain analyte. [Allotrope]

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defined in:

blend

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000447)

A blend is a mixture of two or more different things or substances. [Wikipedia]

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defined in:

blood sample deprecated

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000344)

A sample of blood. [Allotrope]

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defined in:

blood sample

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000344)

A sample of blood. [Allotrope]

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defined in:

boron atom

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0001001)

The chemical element with atomic number 5. [Allotrope]

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defined in:

boron atom

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0001001)

The chemical element with atomic number 5. [OSTHUS]

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defined in:

bovine serum albumin

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000453)

synonyms: BSA

The globular protein, bovine serum albumin (BSA), is a major component of fetal bovine serum. The rich variety of proteins in fetal bovine serum maintains cultured cells in a medium in which they can survive, grow, and divide. [Wikipedia]

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defined in:

bridge solution

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000097)

synonyms: salt-bridge solution

Solution of high concentration of inert salt, preferably comprising cations and anions of equal mobility, optionally interposed between the reference electrode filling and both the unknown and standard solution, when the test solution and filling solution are chemically incompatible. This procedure introduces into the cell a second liquid junction formed, usually, in a similar way to the first. [IUPAC Recommendations 2002]

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defined in:

bromine atom

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000960)

The chemical element with atomic number 35. [Allotrope]

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defined in:

bromine atom

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000960)

The chemical element with atomic number 35. [OSTHUS]

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defined in:

bubble

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0001125)

A bubble is a small round portion of one substance in another, usually gas in a liquid. [Wikipedia]

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buffer gas

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000247)

synonyms: bath gas

Inert gas used for collisional reduction of the internal or translational energy of ions, such as in ion traps. [IUPAC MS REC]

sources:
  • K. K. Murray, R. K. Boyd, M. N. Eberlin, G. J. Langley, L. Li and Y. Naito, Pure Appl. Chem., 2013, 85, 1515-1609
  • J. F. J. Todd. Mass Spectrom. Rev. 10, 3 (1991)

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defined in:

buffer gas

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000247)

synonyms: bath gas

Inert gas used for collisional reduction of the internal or translational energy of ions, such as in ion traps. [IUPAC]

sources:
  • K. K. Murray, R. K. Boyd, M. N. Eberlin, G. J. Langley, L. Li and Y. Naito, Pure Appl. Chem., 2013, 85, 1515-1609
  • J. F. J. Todd. Mass Spectrom. Rev. 10, 3 (1991)

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defined in:

buffer solution

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000015)

synonyms: buffer

A solution that contains a conjugate acid-base pair in equilibria and hence resists changes to its pH near the pK value of the acid. [CHMO]

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defined in:

buffer solution additive

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000335)

A buffer solution additive is the additive of a buffer solution. [Allotrope]

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defined in:

buffer solution group

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000153)

A buffer solution group is a buffer solution that consists of multiple different buffer solutions. A buffer solution group participates in calibration of electrodes. [Allotrope]

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defined in:

buffer solution group DIN 19266

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000104)

Definition pending. [0]

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defined in:

buffer solution group DIN 19266

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000104)

A buffer solution group that is following the DIN 19266 standard. [Allotrope]

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defined in:

buffer solution group DIN 19267

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000239)

A buffer solution group that is following the DIN 19267 standard. [Allotrope]

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defined in:

buffer solution group DIN19267

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000239)

Definition pending. [0]

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defined in:

buffer solution group JISZ8802

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000314)

Definition pending. [0]

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defined in:

buffer solution group JISZ8802

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000314)

A buffer solution group that is following the JISZ8802 standard. [Allotrope]

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defined in:

buffer solution group METTLER Europe

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000248)

Definition pending. [0]

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defined in:

buffer solution group METTLER Europe

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000248)

A buffer solution group that is following the METTLER Europe standard. [Allotrope]

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defined in:

buffer solution group METTLER US

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000029)

Definition pending. [0]

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defined in:

buffer solution group METTLER US

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000029)

A buffer solution group that is following the METTLER US standard. [Allotrope]

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defined in:

buffer solution group Merck standard

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000241)

Definition pending. [0]

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defined in:

buffer solution group Merck standard

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000241)

A buffer solution group that is following the Merck standard. [Allotrope]

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defined in:

buffer solution group chinese

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000312)

Definition pending. [0]

© Allotrope

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defined in:

buffer solution group chinese

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000312)

A buffer solution group that is following the chinese standard. [Allotrope]

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defined in:

buffer solution group technical

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000071)

Definition pending. [0]

© Allotrope

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defined in:

buffer solution group technical

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000071)

A buffer solution group that is following a technical standard. [Allotrope]

© Allotrope

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defined in:

cadmium atom

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0001010)

The chemical element with atomic number 48. [Allotrope]

© Allotrope

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defined in:

cadmium atom

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0001010)

The chemical element with atomic number 48. [OSTHUS]

© Allotrope

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defined in:

calcium atom

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000964)

The chemical element with atomic number 20. [Allotrope]

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defined in:

calcium atom

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000964)

The chemical element with atomic number 20. [OSTHUS]

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defined in:

calibration bead

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000146)

synonyms: bead solution, bead standard, calibration standard, standard bead

Calibration beads are used to calibrate the contrast, focal length and exposure time of the camera. [Allotrope]

© Allotrope

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defined in:

calibration gas

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000139)

synonyms: cal gas, reference gas

Provides the calibration point for 1 and 2 point pCO2 and pO2 calibrations. [Allotrope]

© Allotrope

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defined in:

calibration material deprecated

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000018)

Calibration material is material that is participates in calibrations. [Allotrope]

© Allotrope

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defined in:

calibration material

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000018)

Calibration material is material that is participates in calibrations. [Allotrope]

© Allotrope

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defined in:

calibration particles

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000443)

Definition pending. [0]

© Allotrope

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defined in:

calibration particles

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000443)

Calibration particles are particles used to calibrate particle measuring devices. [Allotrope]

© Allotrope

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defined in:

calibration sample deprecated

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0001047)

synonyms: calibration

A calibration sample is a sample that is used for calibration purposes. [Allotrope]

© Allotrope

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defined in:

calibration sample

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0001047)

synonyms: calibration

A calibration sample is a sample that is used for calibration purposes. [Allotrope]

© Allotrope

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defined in:

capillary coating

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000221)

The capillary coating is the inner coating of a capillary. [Allotrope]

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defined in:

capillary coating

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000221)

The capillary coating is the inner coating of a capillary. [OSTHUS]

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defined in:

capillary conditioner

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000144)

synonyms: conditioner solution

A capillary conditioner is a solution that is used for rinsing a capillary in order to generate a fresh state. [Allotrope]

© Allotrope

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defined in:

capillary electrophoresis gel

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000348)

A capillary electrophoresis gel is a polymer network used in an electrophoresis process. [Allotrope]

© Allotrope

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defined in:

carbon 12 nucleus

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0001025)

synonyms: 12C

A carbon 12 nucleus is the nucleus of a carbon atom as its most abundant naturally occurring isotope. [Allotrope]

© Allotrope

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defined in:

carbon 12 nucleus

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0001025)

synonyms: 12C

A carbon 12 nucleus is the nucleus of a carbon atom as its most abundant naturally occurring isotope. [OSTHUS]

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defined in:

carbon 13 nucleus

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0001019)

synonyms: 13C

A carbon 13 nucleus is a carbon nucleus that contains an additional neutron. [Allotrope]

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defined in:

carbon 13 nucleus

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0001019)

synonyms: 13C

A carbon 13 nucleus is a carbon nucleus that contains an additional neutron. [OSTHUS]

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defined in:

carbon 14 nucleus

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0001024)

synonyms: 14C

A carbon 14 nucleus is a nitcarbon nucleus with 2 additional neutrons. [Allotrope]

© Allotrope

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defined in:

carbon 14 nucleus

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0001024)

synonyms: 14C

A carbon 14 nucleus is a nitcarbon nucleus with 2 additional neutrons. [OSTHUS]

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defined in:

carbon atom

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000939)

The chemical element with atomic number 6. [Allotrope]

© Allotrope

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defined in:

carbon atom

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000939)

The chemical element with atomic number 6. [OSTHUS]

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defined in:

carbon dioxide gas

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0001116)

synonyms: carbon dioxide

Carbon dioxide gas is a gas that is composed of carbon dioxide molecules. [Allotrope]

© Allotrope

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defined in:

carrier ampholyte

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000204)

Carrier ampholytes are zwitterionic compounds that are used for the creation of pH gradients within the capillary of capillary electrophoresis. [Allotrope]

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defined in:

catalyst deprecated

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000468)

Definition pending. [0]

sources:
  • PAC, 1996, 68, 149 (A glossary of terms used in chemical kinetics, including reaction dynamics (IUPAC Recommendations 1996)) on page 155

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defined in:

catalyst

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000468)

Definition pending. [0]

sources:
  • PAC, 1996, 68, 149 (A glossary of terms used in chemical kinetics, including reaction dynamics (IUPAC Recommendations 1996)) on page 155

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defined in:

cathode buffer

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000361)

synonyms: IEF cathode buffer, IEF cathodic buffer, cathodic buffer, electrophoresis cathode buffer, isoelectric focusing cathode buffer, isoelectric focusing cathodic buffer

A buffer that serves as a cathode in an electrochemical experiment. [Allotrope]

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defined in:

cation

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000189)

synonyms: positive ion

A cation (+) is an ion with fewer electrons than protons, giving it a positive charge. [Wikipedia]

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defined in:

cation

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000189)

synonyms: positive ion

A cation (+) is an ion with fewer electrons than protons, giving it a positive charge. [Wikipedia]

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defined in:

cation coating

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000255)

A cation coating is a coating that contains cationic anchor groups. [Allotrope]

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defined in:

cation coating

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000255)

A cation coating is a coating that contains cationic anchor groups. [OSTHUS]

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defined in:

cation separation buffer

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000323)

A buffer solution that is used for separation of cations. [Allotrope]

© Allotrope

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defined in:

cation separation buffer

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000323)

A buffer solution that is used for separation of cations. [OSTHUS]

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defined in:

cationized molecule

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000264)

synonyms: positive ion

Ion formed by the association of a cation with a molecule M. [IUPAC MS REC]

sources:
  • J. F. J. Todd. Mass Spectrom. Rev. 10, 3 (1991)

© IUPAC

Copyright Notice and License Terms for IUPAC terms

defined in:

cationized molecule

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000264)

synonyms: positive ion

Ion formed by the association of a cation with a molecule M. [IUPAC]

sources:
  • J. F. J. Todd. Mass Spectrom. Rev. 10, 3 (1991)

© IUPAC

Copyright Notice and License Terms for IUPAC terms

defined in:

cell

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000341)

A material entity of anatomical origin (part of or deriving from an organism) that has as its parts a maximally connected cell compartment surrounded by a plasma membrane. [CL]

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defined in:

cell culture

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000099)

A cell culture is a continuous culture of cells that can survive in a laboratory for an indefinite period of time. [Allotrope]

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defined in:

cell culture sample

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000492)

A cell culture sample is a sample containing media, buffer and cells. [Allotrope]

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defined in:

cerium atom

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000953)

The chemical element with atomic number 58. [Allotrope]

© Allotrope

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defined in:

cerium atom

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000953)

The chemical element with atomic number 58. [OSTHUS]

© Allotrope

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defined in:

cesium atom

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000948)

The chemical element with atomic number 55. [Allotrope]

© Allotrope

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defined in:

cesium atom

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000948)

The chemical element with atomic number 55. [OSTHUS]

© Allotrope

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defined in:

chemical element

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000265)

synonyms: element

A species of atoms; all atoms with the same number of protons in the atomic nucleus. [IUPAC Gold Book]

© Allotrope

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defined in:

chemical element

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000265)

synonyms: element

A chemical element is an atom with a fixed number of protons in the atomic nucleus. [Allotrope]

© Allotrope

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defined in:

chemical energy

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000883)

Work resulting from the reactions by which substances are produced from or converted into other substances. [NIST]

© Allotrope

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defined in:

chemical gel

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000274)

Chemical gel is a material which changes physical state by forming covalent attachments when mixed in an aqueous solution. [Allotrope]

© Allotrope

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defined in:

chemical labeling reagent deprecated

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000407)

A reagent used for chemical labeling. [Allotrope]

© Allotrope

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defined in:

chemical labeling reagent

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000407)

A reagent used for chemical labeling. [Allotrope]

© Allotrope

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defined in:

chemical mixture

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0001099)

synonyms: mixed chemical substances, portion of mixed chemical substances

A portion of chemical mixture is a chemical substance that is composed of chemical substances. [Allotrope]

sources:
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Chemical_substance

© Allotrope

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defined in:

chemical substance

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0001097)

A chemical substance is a portion of material that is matter of constant composition best characterized by the entities (molecules, formula units, atoms) it is composed of. [IUPAC]

sources:
  • IUPAC. Compendium of Chemical Terminology, 2nd ed. (the "Gold Book"). Compiled by A. D. McNaught and A. Wilkinson. Blackwell Scientific Publications, Oxford (1997).

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Copyright Notice and License Terms for IUPAC terms

defined in:

chiral buffer solution additive

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000034)

A chiral buffer solution additive is a chiral compound that is added to a buffer solution in order to change ist chiral selectivity. [Allotrope]

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defined in:

chiral separation buffer

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000042)

A chiral separation buffer contains a chiral compound that was added to the buffer solution in order to improve the separation of chiral compounds. [Allotrope]

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defined in:

chiral separation buffer

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000042)

A chiral separation buffer contains a chiral compound that was added to the buffer solution in order to improve the separation of chiral compounds. [OSTHUS]

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defined in:

chlorine atom

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000983)

The chemical element with atomic number 17. [Allotrope]

© Allotrope

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defined in:

chlorine atom

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000983)

The chemical element with atomic number 17. [OSTHUS]

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defined in:

chromatographic packing

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0001096)

A chromatographic packing is a solid heterogeneous mixture consisting of a substrate and stationary phase used in a chromatographic separation. [Allotrope]

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defined in:

chromatographic phase deprecated

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000031)

One of the portions of material between which the components to be separated are distributed in chromatography. [CHMO]

© Allotrope

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defined in:

chromatographic phase

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000031)

One of the portions of material between which the components to be separated are distributed in chromatography. [CHMO]

© Allotrope

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defined in:

chromium atom

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000949)

The chemical element with atomic number 24. [Allotrope]

© Allotrope

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defined in:

chromium atom

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000949)

The chemical element with atomic number 24. [OSTHUS]

© Allotrope

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defined in:

cleaning agent deprecated

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000463)

A cleaning agent is a detergent for cleaning purposes. [Allotrope]

© Allotrope

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defined in:

cleaning agent

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000463)

A cleaning agent is a detergent for cleaning purposes. [Allotrope]

© Allotrope

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defined in:

cluster

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000112)

synonyms: molecular aggregate

A cluster is an aggregate of molecular entities formed by non-covalent forces. [Allotrope]

© Allotrope

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defined in:

cluster

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000112)

synonyms: molecular aggregate

A cluster is an aggregate of molecular entities formed by non-covalent forces. [OSTHUS]

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defined in:

cluster ion

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000102)

Ion formed by the combination via noncovalent forces of two or more atoms or molecules of one or more chemical species with an ion. [IUPAC MS REC]

sources:
  • K. K. Murray, R. K. Boyd, M. N. Eberlin, G. J. Langley, L. Li and Y. Naito, Pure Appl. Chem., 2013, 85, 1515-1609

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Copyright Notice and License Terms for IUPAC terms

defined in:

cluster ion

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000102)

Ion formed by the combination via noncovalent forces of two or more atoms or molecules of one or more chemical species with an ion. [IUPAC]

sources:
  • K. K. Murray, R. K. Boyd, M. N. Eberlin, G. J. Langley, L. Li and Y. Naito, Pure Appl. Chem., 2013, 85, 1515-1609

© IUPAC

Copyright Notice and License Terms for IUPAC terms

defined in:

coating

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000030)

A coating is a substance that covers a surface. It has the role of being the coating medium in a coating process. [Allotrope]

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defined in:

coating

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000030)

A coating is a substance that covers the surface of another material in a coating role. [Allotrope]

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defined in:

cobalt atom

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000943)

The chemical element with atomic number 27. [Allotrope]

© Allotrope

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defined in:

cobalt atom

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000943)

The chemical element with atomic number 27. [OSTHUS]

© Allotrope

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defined in:

collision energy (material entity)

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0001101)

synonyms: collision energy

Collision energy is energy for an ion experiencing collision with a stationary gas particle resulting in dissociation of the ion. [MS]

© Allotrope

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defined in:

collision energy (material entity)

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0001101)

synonyms: collision energy

Collision energy is energy for an ion experiencing collision with a stationary gas particle resulting in dissociation of the ion. [PSI/MS]

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defined in:

collision gas

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000050)

synonyms: target gas

Definition pending. [0]

sources:
  • K. K. Murray, R. K. Boyd, M. N. Eberlin, G. J. Langley, L. Li and Y. Naito, Pure Appl. Chem., 2013, 85, 1515-1609

© IUPAC

Copyright Notice and License Terms for IUPAC terms

defined in:

collision gas

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000050)

synonyms: target gas

nert gas used for collisional excitation or a reactive gas used for ion/molecule reactions. [IUPAC]

sources:
  • K. K. Murray, R. K. Boyd, M. N. Eberlin, G. J. Langley, L. Li and Y. Naito, Pure Appl. Chem., 2013, 85, 1515-1609

© IUPAC

Copyright Notice and License Terms for IUPAC terms

defined in:

colloid

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0001044)

synonyms: colloidal system

A colloid is a homogeneous mixture in which one substance of microscopically dispersed insoluble particles is suspended throughout another substance. A colloid has a dispersed phase (the suspended particles) and a continuous phase (the medium of suspension). The molecules or polymolecular particles dispersed in a medium have at least in one direction a dimension roughly between 1 nanometer and 1 micrometer, or in a system discontinuities are found at distances of that order. [Wikipedia, IUPAC Gold Book]

sources:
  • PAC, 1972, 31, 577 (Manual of Symbols and Terminology for Physicochemical Quantities and Units, Appendix II: Definitions, Terminology and Symbols in Colloid and Surface Chemistry) on page 605

© IUPAC

Copyright Notice and License Terms for IUPAC terms

defined in:

colloid

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0001044)

synonyms: colloidal system

A colloid is a homogeneous mixture in which one substance of microscopically dispersed insoluble particles is suspended throughout another substance. A colloid has a dispersed phase (the suspended particles) and a continuous phase (the medium of suspension). The molecules or polymolecular particles dispersed in a medium have at least in one direction a dimension roughly between 1 Nanometer and 1 Micrometer, or in a system discontinuities are found at distances of that order. [Wikipedia, IUPAC Gold Book]

sources:
  • PAC, 1972, 31, 577 (Manual of Symbols and Terminology for Physicochemical Quantities and Units, Appendix II: Definitions, Terminology and Symbols in Colloid and Surface Chemistry) on page 605

© IUPAC

Copyright Notice and License Terms for IUPAC terms

defined in:

colloid

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0001044)

synonyms: colloidal system

A colloid is a homogeneous mixture in which one substance of microscopically dispersed insoluble particles is suspended throughout another substance. A colloid has a dispersed phase (the suspended particles) and a continuous phase (the medium of suspension). The molecules or polymolecular particles dispersed in a medium have at least in one direction a dimension roughly between 1 nanometer and 1 micrometer, or in a system discontinuities are found at distances of that order. [IUPAC]

sources:
  • PAC, 1972, 31, 577 (Manual of Symbols and Terminology for Physicochemical Quantities and Units, Appendix II: Definitions, Terminology and Symbols in Colloid and Surface Chemistry) on page 605

© IUPAC

Copyright Notice and License Terms for IUPAC terms

defined in:

control sample deprecated

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0001046)

synonyms: control

A control sample is a sample that is used for control purposes. [Allotrope]

© Allotrope

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License

defined in:

control sample

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0001046)

synonyms: control

A control sample is a sample that is used for control purposes. [Allotrope]

© Allotrope

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defined in:

copper atom

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0001013)

The chemical element with atomic number 29. [Allotrope]

© Allotrope

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defined in:

copper atom

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0001013)

The chemical element with atomic number 29. [OSTHUS]

© Allotrope

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defined in:

cosolvent deprecated

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000227)

A cosolvent is an additional solvent that enhances the power of the main solvent. [Allotrope]

© Allotrope

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defined in:

cosolvent

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000227)

A cosolvent is an additional solvent that enhances the power of the main solvent. [Allotrope]

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defined in:

counter-current gas

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000297)

Stream of inert gas, often heated, that is used in an electrospray or other spray ionization source to aid in the evaporation of solvent from the sprayed particles. The flow of the gas is in the direction opposite to that of the spray. [IUPAC MS REC]

sources:
  • K. K. Murray, R. K. Boyd, M. N. Eberlin, G. J. Langley, L. Li and Y. Naito, Pure Appl. Chem., 2013, 85, 1515-1609
  • A. P. Bruins, T. R. Covey, J. D. Henion. Anal. Chem. 59, 2642 (1987)
  • B. Thomson, J. Iribarne, P. Dziedzic. Anal. Chem. 54, 2219 (1982)
  • C. M. Whitehouse, R. N. Dreyer, M. Yamashita, J. B. Fenn. Anal. Chem. 57, 675 (1985)

© IUPAC

Copyright Notice and License Terms for IUPAC terms

defined in:

counter-current gas

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000297)

Stream of inert gas, often heated, that is used in an electrospray or other spray ionization source to aid in the evaporation of solvent from the sprayed particles. The flow of the gas is in the direction opposite to that of the spray. [IUPAC]

sources:
  • K. K. Murray, R. K. Boyd, M. N. Eberlin, G. J. Langley, L. Li and Y. Naito, Pure Appl. Chem., 2013, 85, 1515-1609
  • A. P. Bruins, T. R. Covey, J. D. Henion. Anal. Chem. 59, 2642 (1987)
  • B. Thomson, J. Iribarne, P. Dziedzic. Anal. Chem. 54, 2219 (1982)
  • C. M. Whitehouse, R. N. Dreyer, M. Yamashita, J. B. Fenn. Anal. Chem. 57, 675 (1985)

© IUPAC

Copyright Notice and License Terms for IUPAC terms

defined in:

counterion

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000500)

synonyms: counter ion, gegenion

A counterion is the ion that accompanies an ionic species in order to maintain electric neutrality. [Wikipedia]

© Allotrope

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defined in:

crystal

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000440)

A crystal or crystalline solid is a solid material whose constituents, such as atoms, molecules or ions, are arranged in a highly ordered microscopic structure forming a crystal lattice that extends in all directions. [Wikipedia]

© Allotrope

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defined in:

culture medium

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000330)

synonyms: medium

A culture medium is a liquid or gel that is used for supporting the growth of cells. [Allotrope]

© Allotrope

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defined in:

debris deprecated

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000244)

synonyms: contaminant, artifact

Debris is an artifact or contaminant. [Allotrope]

© Allotrope

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defined in:

debris

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000244)

synonyms: contaminant, artifact

Debris is an artifact or contaminant. [Allotrope]

© Allotrope

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defined in:

deprotonation reagent pack

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000051)

synonyms: depro reagent pack

A deprotonation reagent pack is a reagent pack that contains the required reagents for deprotonating. [Allotrope]

© Allotrope

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defined in:

detergent deprecated

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000191)

synonyms: surfactant

A detergent is a surfactant, an amphiphilic molecule with a long carbon chain. It has a hydrophilic head and a long hydrophobic tail. Depending on the surrounding solution surfactants form micelles with tails pointing in- or outwards. [Allotrope]

© Allotrope

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defined in:

detergent

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000191)

synonyms: surfactant

A detergent is a surfactant, an amphiphilic molecule with a long carbon chain. It has a hydrophilic head and a long hydrophobic tail. Depending on the surrounding solution surfactants form micelles with tails pointing in- or outwards. [Allotrope]

© Allotrope

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defined in:

deuterium nucleus

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0001017)

synonyms: 2H, D

A deuterium nucleus is a hydrogen atom that has part a neutron. [Allotrope]

© Allotrope

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defined in:

deuterium nucleus

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0001017)

synonyms: 2H, D

A deuterium nucleus is a hydrogen atom that has part a neutron. [OSTHUS]

© Allotrope

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defined in:

diagnostic ion

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000082)

Product ion whose formation reveals structural or compositional information about its precursor ion. [IUPAC MS REC]

sources:
  • K. K. Murray, R. K. Boyd, M. N. Eberlin, G. J. Langley, L. Li and Y. Naito, Pure Appl. Chem., 2013, 85, 1515-1609
  • S. A. Carr, M. J. Huddleston, M. F. Bean. Protein Sci. 2, 183 (1993).

© IUPAC

Copyright Notice and License Terms for IUPAC terms

defined in:

diagnostic ion

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000082)

Product ion whose formation reveals structural or compositional information about its precursor ion. [IUPAC]

sources:
  • K. K. Murray, R. K. Boyd, M. N. Eberlin, G. J. Langley, L. Li and Y. Naito, Pure Appl. Chem., 2013, 85, 1515-1609
  • S. A. Carr, M. J. Huddleston, M. F. Bean. Protein Sci. 2, 183 (1993).

© IUPAC

Copyright Notice and License Terms for IUPAC terms

defined in:

diluent deprecated

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000147)

A diluent is a solution that is used for dilution. [Allotrope]

© Allotrope

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defined in:

diluent

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000147)

A diluent is a solution that is used for dilution. [Allotrope]

© Allotrope

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defined in:

dilution deprecated

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000327)

A dilution is a diluted solution that contains some concentration of solutes. [Allotrope]

© Allotrope

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defined in:

dilution

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000327)

A dilution is a diluted solution that contains some concentration of solutes. [Allotrope]

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defined in:

dimeric ion

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000290)

synonyms: dimer

Ion formed by ionization of a dimer or by the association of an ion such as [M]+•, [M + H]+, or [M – H]– with its neutral counterpart M. [IUPAC MS REC]

© IUPAC

Copyright Notice and License Terms for IUPAC terms

defined in:

dimeric ion

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000290)

synonyms: dimer

Ion formed by ionization of a dimer or by the association of an ion such as [M]+•, [M + H]+, or [M – H]– with its neutral counterpart M. [IUPAC]

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Copyright Notice and License Terms for IUPAC terms

defined in:

direct compression blend

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000462)

A direct compression blend is a type of blend that is directly put into the press after blending. [Allotrope]

© Allotrope

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defined in:

dispersant deprecated

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000460)

A dispersant is a material or medium that is used to disperse a sample of particles in a matrix. [Allotrope]

© Allotrope

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defined in:

dispersant

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000460)

A dispersant is a material or medium that is used to disperse a sample of particles in a matrix. [Allotrope]

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defined in:

dispersion

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0001079)

A dispersion is a system in which discrete particles of one material are dispersed in a continuous phase of another material. The two phases may be in the same or different states of matter. They are different than solutions, where dissolved molecules do not form a separate phase from the solute. [Wikipedia]

sources:
  • "Terminology of polymers and polymerization processes in dispersed systems (IUPAC Recommendations 2011)" . Pure and Applied Chemistry. 83 (12): 2229–2259. 2011.
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dispersion_(chemistry)

© IUPAC

Copyright Notice and License Terms for IUPAC terms

defined in:

dispersion

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0001079)

A dispersions is a heterogeneous mixture that is comprising more than one phase where at least one of the phases consists of finely divided phase domains, often in the colloidal size range, dispersed throughout a continuous phase. [IUPAC]

sources:
  • "Terminology of polymers and polymerization processes in dispersed systems (IUPAC Recommendations 2011)" . Pure and Applied Chemistry. 83 (12): 2229–2259. 2011.
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Dispersion_(chemistry)

© IUPAC

Copyright Notice and License Terms for IUPAC terms

defined in:

dispersion colloid

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0001031)

synonyms: colloid dispersion, colloidal dispersion

Definition pending. [0]

sources:
  • PAC, 1972, 31, 577 (Manual of Symbols and Terminology for Physicochemical Quantities and Units, Appendix II: Definitions, Terminology and Symbols in Colloid and Surface Chemistry) on page 605

© IUPAC

Copyright Notice and License Terms for IUPAC terms

defined in:

dispersion colloid

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0001031)

synonyms: colloid dispersion, colloidal dispersion

A dispersion colloid is a colloid in which particles of colloidal size of any nature (e.g. solid, liquid or gas) are dispersed in a continuous phase of a different composition (or state). [IUPAC Gold Book]

sources:
  • PAC, 1972, 31, 577 (Manual of Symbols and Terminology for Physicochemical Quantities and Units, Appendix II: Definitions, Terminology and Symbols in Colloid and Surface Chemistry) on page 605

© IUPAC

Copyright Notice and License Terms for IUPAC terms

defined in:

dispersion colloid

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0001031)

synonyms: colloid dispersion, colloidal dispersion

A dispersion colloid is a colloid that is a system in which particles of colloidal size of any nature (e.g. solid, liquid or gas) are dispersed in a continuous phase of a different composition (or state). [IUPAC]

sources:
  • PAC, 1972, 31, 577 (Manual of Symbols and Terminology for Physicochemical Quantities and Units, Appendix II: Definitions, Terminology and Symbols in Colloid and Surface Chemistry) on page 605

© IUPAC

Copyright Notice and License Terms for IUPAC terms

defined in:

dispersion colloid

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0001031)

synonyms: colloid dispersion, colloidal dispersion

A dispersion colloid is a colloid in which particles of colloidal size of any nature (e.g. solid, liquid or gas) are dispersed in a continuous phase of a different composition (or state). [IUPAC]

sources:
  • PAC, 1972, 31, 577 (Manual of Symbols and Terminology for Physicochemical Quantities and Units, Appendix II: Definitions, Terminology and Symbols in Colloid and Surface Chemistry) on page 605

© IUPAC

Copyright Notice and License Terms for IUPAC terms

defined in:

distonic ion

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000358)

Radical ion whose charge and radical sites are neither at the same atom nor in conjugation with each other. [IUPAC MS REC]

sources:
  • S. Hammerum. Mass Spectrom. Rev. 7, 123 (1988).
  • T. M. Sack, R. L. Cerny, M. L. Gross. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 107, 4562 (1985).

© IUPAC

Copyright Notice and License Terms for IUPAC terms

defined in:

distonic ion

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000358)

Radical ion whose charge and radical sites are neither at the same atom nor in conjugation with each other. [IUPAC]

sources:
  • S. Hammerum. Mass Spectrom. Rev. 7, 123 (1988).
  • T. M. Sack, R. L. Cerny, M. L. Gross. J. Am. Chem. Soc. 107, 4562 (1985).

© IUPAC

Copyright Notice and License Terms for IUPAC terms

defined in:

droplet

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0001082)

A droplet is a particle in an emulsion or aeosol. [Allotrope]

sources:
  • https://ws680.nist.gov/publication/get_pdf.cfm?pub_id=850489

© Allotrope

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License

defined in:

drug coating

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000459)

synonyms: drug layer coating

A drug coating is a type of coating mixture that contains an active pharmaceutical ingredient. [Allotrope]

© Allotrope

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License

defined in:

drug coating

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000459)

synonyms: drug layer coating

A drug coating is a type of coating mixture that contains an active pharmaceutical ingredient. [OSTHUS]

© Allotrope

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defined in:

drying gas

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000152)

Definition pending. [0]

sources:
  • K. K. Murray, R. K. Boyd, M. N. Eberlin, G. J. Langley, L. Li and Y. Naito, Pure Appl. Chem., 2013, 85, 1515-1609
  • S. F. Wong, C. K. Meng, J. B. Fenn. J. Phys. Chem. 92, 546 (1988).

© IUPAC

Copyright Notice and License Terms for IUPAC terms

defined in:

drying gas

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000152)

Inert gas that is used to promote the removal of solvent from aerosol particles in spray ionization. [IUPAC]

sources:
  • K. K. Murray, R. K. Boyd, M. N. Eberlin, G. J. Langley, L. Li and Y. Naito, Pure Appl. Chem., 2013, 85, 1515-1609
  • S. F. Wong, C. K. Meng, J. B. Fenn. J. Phys. Chem. 92, 546 (1988).

© IUPAC

Copyright Notice and License Terms for IUPAC terms

defined in:

dye

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000085)

synonyms: stain

A dye is a substance that changes the color of material. [Allotrope]

© Allotrope

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License

defined in:

dye

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000085)

synonyms: stain

A dye is a material that has the function to change the color of material. [Allotrope]

© Allotrope

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License

defined in:

dysprosium atom

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000984)

The chemical element with atomic number 66. [Allotrope]

© Allotrope

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License

defined in:

dysprosium atom

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000984)

The chemical element with atomic number 66. [OSTHUS]

© Allotrope

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defined in:

effluent deprecated

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000069)

Definition pending. [0]

sources:
  • PAC, 1993, 65, 819 (Nomenclature for chromatography (IUPAC Recommendations 1993))

© Allotrope

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defined in:

effluent

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000069)

Definition pending. [0]

sources:
  • PAC, 1993, 65, 819 (Nomenclature for chromatography (IUPAC Recommendations 1993))

© Allotrope

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defined in:

electrical energy

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000884)

Work resulting from the flow of electrons from a negative to a positive source. [NIST]

© Allotrope

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defined in:

electrolyte

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000053)

An electrolyte is a substance that ionizes when dissolved in suitable ionizing solvents such as water. [Wikipedia]

© Allotrope

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defined in:

electrolyte for GSE

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000343)

An electrolyte that is used for gas sensing electrodes. [Allotrope]

© Allotrope

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defined in:

electrolyte for ISE

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000170)

An electrolyte that is used for ion selective electrodes. [Allotrope]

© Allotrope

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defined in:

electrolyte gel

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000088)

An electrolyte that has the form of a gel (solid, jelly-like material). [Allotrope]

© Allotrope

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defined in:

electrolyte polymer

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000199)

synonyms: proton exchange membrane

An electrolyte that consistes of a polymer that is a large molecule, or macromolecule, composed of many repeated subunits. [Allotrope]

© Allotrope

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defined in:

electrolyte solution

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000086)

synonyms: electrolyte, ionic solution, salt solution

An electrolyte solution is the solution of a substance that ionizes when dissolved in suitable ionizing solvents such as water. [Wikipedia]

© Allotrope

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defined in:

electromagnetic energy

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000888)

synonyms: EMR, electro-magnetic energy, electro-magnetic radiation, electromagnetic radiation, radiation energy

Energy that is propagated through free space or through a material medium in the form of electro-magnetic waves. [NIST]

© Allotrope

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defined in:

electron

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000418)

synonyms: e−, β−

The electron is a subatomic particle, symbol e− or β−, with a negative elementary electric charge. [Wikipedia]

sources:
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Electron
  • Green Book, 2nd ed., p. 93

© IUPAC

Copyright Notice and License Terms for IUPAC terms

defined in:

electron

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000418)

synonyms: e−, β−

Elementary particle not affected by the strong force having a spin quantum number 1/2, a negative elementary charge and a rest mass of 0.000 548 579 903(13) u. [IUPAC]

sources:
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Electron
  • Green Book, 2nd ed., p. 93

© IUPAC

Copyright Notice and License Terms for IUPAC terms

defined in:

elemental actinium

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000989)

The chemical element with atomic number 89. [Allotrope]

© Allotrope

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defined in:

elemental aluminum

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000988)

The chemical element with atomic number 13. [Allotrope]

© Allotrope

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defined in:

elemental antimony

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0001000)

The chemical element with atomic number 51. [Allotrope]

© Allotrope

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defined in:

elemental argon

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0001002)

The chemical element with atomic number 18. [Allotrope]

© Allotrope

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defined in:

elemental arsenic

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000993)

The chemical element with atomic number 33. [Allotrope]

© Allotrope

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defined in:

elemental astatine

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000991)

The chemical element with atomic number 85. [Allotrope]

© Allotrope

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defined in:

elemental barium

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000970)

The chemical element with atomic number 56. [Allotrope]

© Allotrope

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defined in:

elemental beryllium

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000932)

The chemical element with atomic number 4. [Allotrope]

© Allotrope

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defined in:

elemental bismuth

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000931)

The chemical element with atomic number 83. [Allotrope]

© Allotrope

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defined in:

elemental boron

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0001001)

The chemical element with atomic number 5. [Allotrope]

© Allotrope

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defined in:

elemental bromine

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000960)

The chemical element with atomic number 35. [Allotrope]

© Allotrope

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defined in:

elemental cadmium

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0001010)

The chemical element with atomic number 48. [Allotrope]

© Allotrope

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defined in:

elemental calcium

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000964)

The chemical element with atomic number 20. [Allotrope]

© Allotrope

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defined in:

elemental carbon

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000939)

The chemical element with atomic number 6. [Allotrope]

© Allotrope

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defined in:

elemental cerium

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000953)

The chemical element with atomic number 58. [Allotrope]

© Allotrope

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defined in:

elemental cesium

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000948)

The chemical element with atomic number 55. [Allotrope]

© Allotrope

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defined in:

elemental chlorine

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000983)

The chemical element with atomic number 17. [Allotrope]

© Allotrope

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defined in:

elemental chromium

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000949)

The chemical element with atomic number 24. [Allotrope]

© Allotrope

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defined in:

elemental cobalt

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000943)

The chemical element with atomic number 27. [Allotrope]

© Allotrope

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defined in:

elemental copper

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0001013)

The chemical element with atomic number 29. [Allotrope]

© Allotrope

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defined in:

elemental dysprosium

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000984)

The chemical element with atomic number 66. [Allotrope]

© Allotrope

Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International Public License

defined in:

elemental erbium

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000956)

The chemical element with atomic number 68. [Allotrope]

© Allotrope

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defined in:

elemental europium

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000965)

The chemical element with atomic number 63. [Allotrope]

© Allotrope

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defined in:

elemental fluorine

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0001015)

The chemical element with atomic number 9. [Allotrope]

© Allotrope

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defined in:

elemental francium

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000994)

The chemical element with atomic number 87. [Allotrope]

© Allotrope

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defined in:

elemental gadolinium

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000986)

The chemical element with atomic number 64. [Allotrope]

© Allotrope

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defined in:

elemental gallium

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000963)

The chemical element with atomic number 31. [Allotrope]

© Allotrope

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defined in:

elemental germanium

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000996)

The chemical element with atomic number 32. [Allotrope]

© Allotrope

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defined in:

elemental gold

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000969)

The chemical element with atomic number 79. [Allotrope]

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defined in:

elemental hafnium

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000928)

The chemical element with atomic number 72. [Allotrope]

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defined in:

elemental helium

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000962)

The chemical element with atomic number 2. [Allotrope]

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defined in:

elemental holmium

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000971)

The chemical element with atomic number 67. [Allotrope]

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defined in:

elemental hydrogen

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000975)

The chemical element with atomic number 1. [Allotrope]

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defined in:

elemental indium

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000947)

The chemical element with atomic number 49. [Allotrope]

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defined in:

elemental iodine

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000930)

The chemical element with atomic number 53. [Allotrope]

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defined in:

elemental iridium

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000972)

The chemical element with atomic number 77. [Allotrope]

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defined in:

elemental iron

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000990)

The chemical element with atomic number 26. [Allotrope]

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defined in:

elemental krypton

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000945)

The chemical element with atomic number 36. [Allotrope]

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defined in:

elemental lanthanum

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000995)

The chemical element with atomic number 57. [Allotrope]

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defined in:

elemental lead

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000929)

The chemical element with atomic number 82. [Allotrope]

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defined in:

elemental lithium

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0001005)

The chemical element with atomic number 3. [Allotrope]

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defined in:

elemental lutetium

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000936)

The chemical element with atomic number 71. [Allotrope]

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defined in:

elemental magnesium

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000979)

The chemical element with atomic number 12. [Allotrope]

© Allotrope

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defined in:

elemental manganese

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000952)

The chemical element with atomic number 25. [Allotrope]

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defined in:

elemental mercury

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0001006)

The chemical element with atomic number 80. [Allotrope]

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defined in:

elemental molybdenum

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000938)

The chemical element with atomic number 42. [Allotrope]

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defined in:

elemental neodymium

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000946)

The chemical element with atomic number 60. [Allotrope]

© Allotrope

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defined in:

elemental neon

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000987)

The chemical element with atomic number 10. [Allotrope]

© Allotrope

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defined in:

elemental neptunium

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000922)

The chemical element with atomic number 93. [Allotrope]

© Allotrope

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defined in:

elemental nickel

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000954)

The chemical element with atomic number 28. [Allotrope]

© Allotrope

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defined in:

elemental niobium

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000968)

The chemical element with atomic number 41. [Allotrope]

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defined in:

elemental nitrogen

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000978)

The chemical element with atomic number 7. [Allotrope]

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defined in:

elemental osmium

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000941)

The chemical element with atomic number 76. [Allotrope]

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defined in:

elemental oxygen

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000933)

The chemical element with atomic number 8. [Allotrope]

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defined in:

elemental palladium

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000976)

The chemical element with atomic number 46. [Allotrope]

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defined in:

elemental phosphorus

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000927)

The chemical element with atomic number 15. [Allotrope]

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defined in:

elemental platinum

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0001012)

The chemical element with atomic number 78. [Allotrope]

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defined in:

elemental plutonium

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000955)

The chemical element with atomic number 94. [Allotrope]

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defined in:

elemental polonium

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000924)

The chemical element with atomic number 84. [Allotrope]

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defined in:

elemental potassium

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000951)

The chemical element with atomic number 19. [Allotrope]

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defined in:

elemental praseodymium

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0001014)

The chemical element with atomic number 59. [Allotrope]

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defined in:

elemental promethium

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0001009)

The chemical element with atomic number 61. [Allotrope]

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defined in:

elemental protactinium

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000950)

The chemical element with atomic number 91. [Allotrope]

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defined in:

elemental radium

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000934)

The chemical element with atomic number 88. [Allotrope]

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defined in:

elemental radon

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000957)

The chemical element with atomic number 86. [Allotrope]

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defined in:

elemental rhenium

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0001011)

The chemical element with atomic number 75. [Allotrope]

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defined in:

elemental rhodium

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000959)

The chemical element with atomic number 45. [Allotrope]

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defined in:

elemental rubidium

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000944)

The chemical element with atomic number 37. [Allotrope]

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defined in:

elemental ruthenium

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000992)

The chemical element with atomic number 44. [Allotrope]

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defined in:

elemental samarium

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000937)

The chemical element with atomic number 62. [Allotrope]

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defined in:

elemental scandium

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000942)

The chemical element with atomic number 21. [Allotrope]

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defined in:

elemental selenium

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000961)

The chemical element with atomic number 34. [Allotrope]

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defined in:

elemental silicon

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000925)

The chemical element with atomic number 14. [Allotrope]

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defined in:

elemental silver

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0001003)

The chemical element with atomic number 47. [Allotrope]

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defined in:

elemental sodium

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0001004)

The chemical element with atomic number 11. [Allotrope]

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defined in:

elemental strontium

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000982)

The chemical element with atomic number 38. [Allotrope]

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defined in:

elemental sulfur

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000923)

The chemical element with atomic number 16. [Allotrope]

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defined in:

elemental tantalum

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000940)

The chemical element with atomic number 73. [Allotrope]

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defined in:

elemental technetium

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000977)

The chemical element with atomic number 43. [Allotrope]

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defined in:

elemental tellurium

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0001007)

The chemical element with atomic number 52. [Allotrope]

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defined in:

elemental terbium

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000966)

The chemical element with atomic number 65. [Allotrope]

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defined in:

elemental thallium

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000980)

The chemical element with atomic number 81. [Allotrope]

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defined in:

elemental thorium

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0001008)

The chemical element with atomic number 90. [Allotrope]

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defined in:

elemental thulium

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000967)

The chemical element with atomic number 69. [Allotrope]

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defined in:

elemental tin

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000974)

The chemical element with atomic number 50. [Allotrope]

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defined in:

elemental titanium

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000998)

The chemical element with atomic number 22. [Allotrope]

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defined in:

elemental tungsten

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000985)

The chemical element with atomic number 74. [Allotrope]

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defined in:

elemental uranium

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000999)

The chemical element with atomic number 92. [Allotrope]

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defined in:

elemental vanadium

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000973)

The chemical element with atomic number 23. [Allotrope]

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defined in:

elemental xenon

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000926)

The chemical element with atomic number 54. [Allotrope]

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defined in:

elemental ytterbium

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000981)

The chemical element with atomic number 70. [Allotrope]

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defined in:

elemental yttrium

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000997)

The chemical element with atomic number 39. [Allotrope]

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defined in:

elemental zinc

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000935)

The chemical element with atomic number 30. [Allotrope]

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defined in:

elemental zirconium

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000958)

The chemical element with atomic number 40. [Allotrope]

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defined in:

eluate deprecated

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000171)

The analyte material that emerges from the chromatograph. [Wikipedia, GENE]

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defined in:

eluate

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000171)

The analyte material that emerges from the chromatograph. [Wikipedia, GENE]

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defined in:

eluent deprecated

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000281)

synonyms: column eluent

Definition pending. [0]

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defined in:

eluent

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000281)

synonyms: column eluent

Definition pending. [0]

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defined in:

emulsion

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0001016)

An is a colloid where the continuous phase is a liquid and the dispersed phase is a liquid. [Allotrope]

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defined in:

emulsion

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0001016)

An emulsion is a mixture of two or more liquids that are normally immiscible (unmixable or unblendable). [Wikipedia]

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defined in:

energy

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000880)

Energy must be transferred to an object in order to perform work on, or to heat the object. It can be converted in form, but not created or destroyed. [Wikipedia]

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defined in:

erbium atom

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000956)

The chemical element with atomic number 68. [Allotrope]

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defined in:

erbium atom

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000956)

The chemical element with atomic number 68. [OSTHUS]

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defined in:

europium atom

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000965)

The chemical element with atomic number 63. [Allotrope]

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defined in:

europium atom

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000965)

The chemical element with atomic number 63. [OSTHUS]

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defined in:

even-electron ion

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000379)

Ion containing no unpaired electrons in its ground electronic state. [IUPAC MS REC]

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Copyright Notice and License Terms for IUPAC terms

defined in:

even-electron ion

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000379)

Ion containing no unpaired electrons in its ground electronic state. [IUPAC]

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defined in:

excipient deprecated

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000467)

An excipient is a natural or synthetic substance formulated alongside the active ingredient of a medication,:1 included for the purpose of long-term stabilization, bulking up solid formulations that contain potent active ingredients (thus often referred to as bulking agents, fillers, or diluents), or to confer a therapeutic enhancement on the active ingredient in the final dosage form, such as facilitating drug absorption, reducing viscosity, or enhancing solubility. Excipients can also be useful in the manufacturing process, to aid in the handling of the active substance concerned such as by facilitating powder flowability or non-stick properties, in addition to aiding in vitro stability such as prevention of denaturation or aggregation over the expected shelf life. The selection of appropriate excipients also depends upon the route of administration and the dosage form, as well as the active ingredient and other factors. [Wikipedia]

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defined in:

excipient

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000467)

An excipient is a natural or synthetic substance formulated alongside the active ingredient of a medication,:1 included for the purpose of long-term stabilization, bulking up solid formulations that contain potent active ingredients (thus often referred to as bulking agents, fillers, or diluents), or to confer a therapeutic enhancement on the active ingredient in the final dosage form, such as facilitating drug absorption, reducing viscosity, or enhancing solubility. Excipients can also be useful in the manufacturing process, to aid in the handling of the active substance concerned such as by facilitating powder flowability or non-stick properties, in addition to aiding in vitro stability such as prevention of denaturation or aggregation over the expected shelf life. The selection of appropriate excipients also depends upon the route of administration and the dosage form, as well as the active ingredient and other factors. [Wikipedia]

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defined in:

feed medium

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000331)

A feed medium is a culture medium that supports the growth of cells with feed. [Allotrope]

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defined in:

fetal bovine serum

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000454)

synonyms: FBS

Fetal bovine serum (FBS) or fetal calf serum is the blood fraction remaining after the natural coagulation of blood, followed by centrifugation to remove any remaining red blood cells.[1] Fetal bovine serum comes from the blood drawn from a bovine fetus via a closed system of collection at the slaughterhouse. Fetal bovine serum is the most widely used serum-supplement for the in vitro cell culture of eukaryotic cells. This is due to it having a very low level of antibodies and containing more growth factors, allowing for versatility in many different cell culture applications. [Wikipedia]

© Allotrope

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defined in:

filling solution

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000150)

Solution containing the anion to which the reference electrode of Cells IV and V is reversible, e.g., chloride for silver–silver chloride electrode. In the absence of a bridge solution (q.v.), a high concentration of filling solution comprising almost equitransferent cations and anions is employed as a means of maintaining the LJP small and approximately constant on substitution of unknown solution for standard solution(s). [IUPAC Recommendations 2002]

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defined in:

filter cake

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000267)

The material left behind in the filter as a result of filtration. [CHMO]

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defined in:

filtrate deprecated

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000457)

A filtrate is the liquid outcome of a filtration process that is commonly the mechanical or physical operation which is used for the separation of solids from fluids (liquids or gases) by interposing a medium through which only the fluid can pass. [Wikipedia]

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defined in:

filtrate

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000457)

A filtrate is the liquid outcome of a filtration process that is commonly the mechanical or physical operation which is used for the separation of solids from fluids (liquids or gases) by interposing a medium through which only the fluid can pass. [Wikipedia]

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defined in:

flow enhancer deprecated

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000491)

synonyms: glidant

Flow enhancer is a material that improves powder flowability. [Allotrope]

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defined in:

flow enhancer

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000491)

synonyms: glidant

Flow enhancer is a material that improves powder flowability. [Allotrope]

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defined in:

fluid

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000394)

synonyms: af-m:material and 'obo:has quality' some 'af-q:shear modulus' that

A fluid is a substance that continually deforms (flows) under an applied shear stress. Fluids are a subset of the phases of matter and include liquids, gases, plasmas and, to some extent, plastic solids. [Wikipedia]

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defined in:

fluorine 19 nucleus

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0001022)

synonyms: 19F

A fluorine 19 nucleus is a fluorine nucleus with an additional neutron. [Allotrope]

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defined in:

fluorine 19 nucleus

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0001022)

synonyms: 19F

A fluorine 19 nucleus is a fluorine nucleus with an additional neutron. [OSTHUS]

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defined in:

fluorine atom

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0001015)

The chemical element with atomic number 9. [Allotrope]

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defined in:

fluorine atom

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0001015)

The chemical element with atomic number 9. [OSTHUS]

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defined in:

foam

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0001032)

A foam is a colloid where the continuous phase is a liquid and the dispersed phase is a gas. [Allotrope]

sources:
  • PAC, 1972, 31, 577 (Manual of Symbols and Terminology for Physicochemical Quantities and Units, Appendix II: Definitions, Terminology and Symbols in Colloid and Surface Chemistry) on page 606

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Copyright Notice and License Terms for IUPAC terms

defined in:

foam

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0001032)

A foam is a type of dispersion colloid in which a large proportion of gas by volume in the form of gas bubbles, is dispersed in a liquid, solid or gel. The diameter of the bubbles is usually larger than 1 µm, but the thickness of the lamellae between the bubbles is often in the usual colloidal size range. [IUPAC Gold Book]

sources:
  • PAC, 1972, 31, 577 (Manual of Symbols and Terminology for Physicochemical Quantities and Units, Appendix II: Definitions, Terminology and Symbols in Colloid and Surface Chemistry) on page 606

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Copyright Notice and License Terms for IUPAC terms

defined in:

formal organisation

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0001086)

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defined in:

formal organization

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0001086)

A formal organization is an organization which is recognized in the world at large, in particular in legal jurisdictions, with associated rights and responsibilities. [W3C ORG]

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defined in:

formal organization

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0001086)

© Allotrope

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defined in:

formulation deprecated

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000433)

synonyms: composition

The formulation of a material is a data object that describes its composition of ingredients. [Allotrope]

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defined in:

formulation

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000433)

synonyms: composition

The formulation of a material is a data object that describes its composition of ingredients. [Allotrope]

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defined in:

fragment ion

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000380)

Product ion that results from the dissociation of a precursor ion. [IUPAC MS REC]

sources:
  • K. K. Murray, R. K. Boyd, M. N. Eberlin, G. J. Langley, L. Li and Y. Naito, Pure Appl. Chem., 2013, 85, 1515-1609

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defined in:

fragment ion

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000380)

Product ion that results from the dissociation of a precursor ion. [IUPAC]

sources:
  • K. K. Murray, R. K. Boyd, M. N. Eberlin, G. J. Langley, L. Li and Y. Naito, Pure Appl. Chem., 2013, 85, 1515-1609

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defined in:

francium atom

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000994)

The chemical element with atomic number 87. [Allotrope]

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defined in:

francium atom

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000994)

The chemical element with atomic number 87. [OSTHUS]

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defined in:

functional release coating

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000432)

A functional release coating is a coating that adds new functionality to that of the coating substrate by inself in-vivo. [Allotrope]

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defined in:

functional release coating

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000432)

A functional release coating is a coating that adds new functionality to that of the coating substrate by inself in-vivo. [OSTHUS]

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defined in:

gadolinium atom

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000986)

The chemical element with atomic number 64. [Allotrope]

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defined in:

gadolinium atom

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000986)

The chemical element with atomic number 64. [OSTHUS]

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defined in:

gallium atom

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000963)

The chemical element with atomic number 31. [Allotrope]

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defined in:

gallium atom

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000963)

The chemical element with atomic number 31. [OSTHUS]

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defined in:

gamma radiation

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0001058)

synonyms: gamma ray, γ-ray

Electromagnetic radiation of a kind arising from the radioactive decay of atomic nuclei and having wavelengths less than 10 picometers. [Allotrope]

sources:
  • https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Gamma_ray

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defined in:

gas

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000154)

A gas is an airlike material that expands freely to fill any space available. It can be transported in compressed gas cylinders and acts as a gas upon release at normal temperatures and pressure. [Allotrope]

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defined in:

gas in liquid solution

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0001067)

synonyms: solution

A gas in liquid solution is a solution where the continuous phase is a liquid and the dispersed phase is a gas. [Allotrope]

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defined in:

gas in solid solution

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0001066)

A gas in solid solution is a solution where the continuous phase is a solid and the dispersed phase is a gas. [Allotrope]

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defined in:

gas in solid solution

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0001066)

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defined in:

gas metabolite reagent pack

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000345)

A gas metabolite reagent pack is a reagent pack that contains the required reagents for the analysis of gas metabolites. [Allotrope]

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defined in:

gas mixture

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0001065)

A gas mixture is a solution where the continuous phase is a gas and the dispersed phase is a gas. [Allotrope]

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defined in:

gaseous mobile phase deprecated

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000008)

synonyms: carrier gas

A gas that percolates through the stationary bed in chromatography. [CHMO]

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defined in:

gaseous mobile phase

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000008)

synonyms: carrier gas

A gas that percolates through the stationary bed in chromatography. [CHMO]

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defined in:

gel

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0001033)

sources:
  • PAC, 2007, 79, 1801 (Definitions of terms relating to the structure and processing of sols, gels, networks, and inorganic-organic hybrid materials (IUPAC Recommendations 2007)) on page 1806

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defined in:

gel

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0001033)

A gel is a colloid where the continuous phase is a solid and the dispersed phase is a liquid. [Allotrope]

sources:
  • PAC, 2007, 79, 1801 (Definitions of terms relating to the structure and processing of sols, gels, networks, and inorganic-organic hybrid materials (IUPAC Recommendations 2007)) on page 1806

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Copyright Notice and License Terms for IUPAC terms

defined in:

gel

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0001033)

A gel is a type of dispersion colloid that is a non-fluid colloidal network or polymer network that is expanded throughout its whole volume by a fluid. [IUPAC Gold Book]

sources:
  • PAC, 2007, 79, 1801 (Definitions of terms relating to the structure and processing of sols, gels, networks, and inorganic-organic hybrid materials (IUPAC Recommendations 2007)) on page 1806

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Copyright Notice and License Terms for IUPAC terms

defined in:

germanium atom

(http://purl.allotrope.org/ontologies/material#AFM_0000996)

The chemical element with atomic number 32. [Allotrope]

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defined in: